A hate crime is a crime that involves the use of force or threat of force may become a civil rights violation if the perpetrator was motivated by intolerance and hate (for instance, hatred of a particular ethnic group).
Hate crimes are violent actions intended to hurt and intimidate someone because of their sex, race, ethnicity, national origin, language, religion, sexual orientation, or disability.2,3
Hate crime can take many forms including4:
- physical attacks – such as physical assault, damage to property, offensive graffiti, neighbor disputes and arson
- threat of attack – including offensive letters, abusive or obscene telephone calls, groups hanging around to intimidate and unfounded, malicious complaints
- verbal abuse or insults – offensive leaflets and posters, abusive gestures, dumping of rubbish outside homes or through letterboxes, and bullying at school or in the workplace